Is Agroecology Capable to Feed The Whole World?
Most of the people across the world are hungry and several are eating unhealthy foods. Nowadays, Food production is done through industrial agriculture however, the process is dead end by judging world’s current situations with obesity issues and other factors such as the destruction of soil, worldwide food shortages and many more. It may not be the best process and need to find the more suitable process to overcome these issues.
The agriculture is increasingly threatened by climate change, overpopulation so some of the farmers are moving towards the radical alternatives such as agroecology, which will give an answer on global hunger. It is the only way to ensure all the people have access to healthful food.
The agroecology can be used in various ways such as a movement, as a science, as a practice and many more. The agroecology structure will give an interdisciplinary system with which to consider the action of farming and it draws upon essential natural standards for its reasonable system.
US critics continued to urge that organic agriculture is inefficient, requiring more land than conventional to yield the same amount of food. Organic agriculture making it a relatively untapped resource for one of the greatest challenges facing humanity.
Currently, Africa is facing a food crisis, so far, the fact that up to 50 million people across East and Southern Africa are at the risk of hunger seems to have largely escaped mention.
According to the information of the source, the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organisation stating, “Past agricultural performance is not indicative of future returns”. The problem is not only affecting quantity but quality, however lack of rotation and other issues has degraded the nutrient content of the soil.
A push-pull system adopted by most of the Africans to deal several issues related to the Striga weed and their maize yields have increased an average of 1 to 3.5 tonnes per hectare without the use of chemical insecticides. Agroecology is not only limited to the one region like Africa, however, there are various examples across the globe implementing new thinking to improve their yields which will also help to improve the sustainability of their communities.
The study by Rachel Hine and Jules Pretty examined around 208 projects over 52 countries and found the yield increases in the range of 50-100% for rain-fed crops like maize. Around 9 million people involved in the case study and increases were typically bigger at lower yields signifying greater benefits for the farmers. So, to scale these advances people need to radically rethink the economic and social mechanisms that keep farmers trapped on the treadmill of producing for international markets at the expense of themselves.