Agroecology is nothing but of ecological processes applied to agricultural production systems. The term is often used imprecisely and may refer to a science, movement and a practice. The term is not only associated with one particular method of farming, however, it has much more in common with integrated and organic farming. The industry continues to evolve and it is experiencing a growing trend in the volume of its investment.
There is an increasing number of agroecological initiatives or continental movements, however, the important movements are found in food sovereignty. Agroecology is linked to different fields of agri-food systems mainly includes Community Supported Agriculture systems, but also agroecological territories.
The latest challenges to the industry modelled by food insecurity as well as climate change are serious. Some of the countries experiencing growing hunger in the world. Conventional agriculture has contributed significantly to the crisis involving climate change while the poorest countries will suffer the most from climate change. Agroecology is progressively perceived as the route forward for horticulture that is fit for conveying efficiency objectives without draining the environment.
The Third World Network organized two training courses to prepare key actors with a comprehensive understanding of the principles and concepts of agroecology, however, the first was Southeast Asian Training Course on Agroecology and another was a Southern and Eastern African Agroecology Knowledge and Skills Sharing. TWN organized the training courses by knowing the urgent need for capacity building on agroecology.
Trends or Innovation of Agroecology:
The micro and macro changes will shape the agroecology industry and allow smart producers to remain competitive, however, more flexibility is needed for better improvement. Technology consist of plant genetics and autosteer could have a big effect as equipment completes more work in less time. The industry involves farmers who need a growth strategy to survive. They need to examine risk management tools and educate young producers.
The promoters of Climate-smart Agriculture have selectively incorporated some agroecological practices while combining them with more mainstream technologies of industrial farming. Proponents understand that methodologies that attention only on agrarian generation without considering natural maintainability are probably going to have negative outcomes.
Acceleration in the Technology:
In the recent years, Data analysis will supplement what exactly farmers know intuitively and in some cases challenge those assumptions. Innovative products rely on aerial satellite imagery, soil maps, millions of weather data points and many more, however, the subject of data ownership will be a subject of growing debate.
Since 1961, approximately, 40% of the food production increase has been accomplished through irrigation, however, groundwater supplies aren’t infinite. According to the study, if trends continue, the aquifer will be 69% depleted. Experts estimate that for each 1.8°F increase in temperature key crop yields drops 10%.